URL – Uniform Resource Locator

Web browsers request pages from web servers by using a URL.

A Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is used to address a document (or other data) on the web.




  • scheme – defines the type of Internet service (most common is http or https)
  • prefix – defines a domain prefix (default for http is www)
  • domain – defines the Internet domain name (like w3schools.com)
  • port – defines the port number at the host (default for http is 80)
  • path – defines a path at the server (If omitted: the root directory of the site)
  • filename – defines the name of a document or resource

Common URL Schemes

The table below lists some common schemes:

SchemeShort forUsed for
httpHyperText Transfer ProtocolCommon web pages. Not encrypted
httpsSecure HyperText Transfer ProtocolSecure web pages. Encrypted
ftpFile Transfer ProtocolDownloading or uploading files
file A file on your computer

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