10 Linux Distributions and Their Targeted Users:
- Debian Linux.
- Gentoo Linux.
- Ubuntu Linux.
- Linux Mint Desktop.
- RHEL Linux Distribution.
- CentOS Linux Distribution.
- Fedora Linux Distribution.
- Kali Linux Distribution.
Debian Linux Distributions:
Debian is renowned for being a mother to popular Linux distributions such as Deepin, Ubuntu, and Mint which have provided solid performance, stability, and unparalleled user experience. The latest stable release is Debian 10.5, an update of Debian 10 colloquially known as Debian Buster.
Debian Is Ideal for Servers With stable software and long release cycles, Debian is one of the many great Linux distros that can power your server. You don’t need to search for a separate version of Debian either. You can use Debian to power your own home server available only to computers on your Wi-Fi network.
Debian has gained popularity for a few reasons, IMO: Valve chose it for the base of Steam OS. That’s a good endorsement for Debian for gamers. Privacy got huge over the last 4-5 years, and a lot of people switching to Linux are motivated by wanting more privacy & security.
The goal of Gentoo is to design tools and systems that allow a user to do that work as pleasantly and efficiently as possible, as they see fit. Our tools should be a joy to use, and should help the user to appreciate the richness of the Linux and free software community, and the flexibility of free software. Gentoo FreeBSD was FreeBSD with the following changes: Portage replaces ports. The base system is managed by Portage.
Gentoo FreeBSD was FreeBSD with the following changes: Portage replaces ports. The base system is managed by Portage. Gentoo could be the hardest distro, but I think that is the most flexible distribution because the number of possibilities in Gentoo is incredible. I think that Gentoo is very similar to LFS (Linux from scratch), because when you install the system you can build and personalize every part of it.
Ubuntu (pronounced oo-BOON-too) is an open source Debian-based Linux distribution. Sponsored by Canonical Ltd., Ubuntu is considered a good distribution for beginners. The operating system was intended primarily for personal computers (PCs) but it can also be used on servers.
Linux is based on the Linux kernel, whereas Ubuntu is based on the Linux system and is one project or distribution. Linux is secure, and most of the Linux distributions do not need anti-virus to install, whereas Ubuntu, a desktop-based operating system, is super-secure among Linux distributions.
Ubuntu generally does a good job at finding and installing the latest drivers for graphics, sound, network, and the like whenever they are available. That said, it’s entirely possible to run into some problems at times because not all drivers are designed to work hand-in-hand with Linux.
Linux Mint Desktop:
The purpose of Linux Mint is to provide a desktop operating system that home users and companies can use at no cost and which is as efficient, easy to use, and elegant as possible.
Linux Mint is one of the most popular distributions of the Linux operating systems out there. It is right there at the top along with the Ubuntu. The reason why it is so high is that it is quite suitable for beginners and an excellent way to make a smooth transition from Windows.
Linux Mint features a desktop experience based on GNOME 2 which has matured for now more than 5 years. It is full-featured, extremely stable and very popular. When you have an elderly computer, for example one sold with Windows XP or Windows Vista, then the Xfce edition of Linux Mint is an excellent alternative operating system. Very easy and simple to operate; the average Windows user can handle it right away.
RHEL Linux Distribution:
Red Hat Linux; created by the company Red Hat, was a widely used Linux distribution until its discontinuation in 2004. Early releases of Red Hat Linux were called Red Hat Commercial Linux. Red Hat Enterprise Linux derivatives are Linux distributions that are based on the source code of Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). CentOS, Oracle Linux, Ubuntu, Fedora, and Debian are the most popular alternatives and competitors to Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) is a distribution of the Linux operating system developed for the business market. RHEL was formerly known as Red Hat Linux Advanced Server. RHEL is based on free, open source code. … RHEL editions are available for servers, mainframe, SAP applications, desktops and OpenStack.
CentOS Linux Distribution:
CentOS (/ˈsɛntɒs/, from Community Enterprise Operating System) is a Linux distribution that provides a free and open-source community-supported computing platform, functionally compatible with its upstream source, Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). CentOS 8 was released on 24 September 2019.
Similar to how Ubuntu is forked from Debian, CentOS is based on the open source code of RHEL (Red Hat Enterprise Linux), and provides an enterprise-grade operating system for free. The first version of CentOS, CentOS 2 (named as such because it’s based on RHEL 2.0) was released in 2004.
CentOS Linux is going away, with CentOS Stream becoming the project’s focus. CentOS Linux 8, released in 2019, will receive updates until the end of 2021, meaning CentOS 8’s lifecycle is significantly shorter than the community expected when it was released.
Fedora Linux Distribution:
Fedora Project (sponsored by Red Hat Inc.) Fedora Linux is a Linux distribution developed by the community-supported Fedora Project which is sponsored primarily by Red Hat, a subsidiary of IBM, with additional support from other companies.
Fedora and Ubuntu both use many of the same command line tools, like nearly any Linux distribution, including cp , mv , rm , sudo , wget , etc. Just as Fedora is sponsored by Red Hat, Ubuntu is sponsored by Canonical Ltd, a UK-based software company that profits mostly on charging for Ubuntu support.
Linus Torvalds uses Fedora Workstation on his 11″ MacBook Air which is his primary driver. That said, he has also mentioned having used OpenSuse at some point of time. Also, he has complimented Ubuntu for making Debian accessible to the mass.
Fedora Operating System is a very reliable and stable operating system. It has great uptime. It offers many graphical tools. This operating system updates automatically. Fedora-based shareware distribution designed to imitate the Windows environment using GNOME.
Kali Linux Distribution:
Kali Linux is a Debian-derived Linux distribution designed for digital forensics and penetration testing. It is maintained and funded by Offensive Security. Kali Linux, with its BackTrack lineage, has a vibrant and active community. There are active Kali forums, IRC Channel, Kali Tools listings, an open bug tracker system, and even community provided tool suggestions
Kali Linux is mainly used for advanced Penetration Testing and Security Auditing. Kali contains several hundred tools which are geared towards various information security tasks, such as Penetration Testing, Security research, Computer Forensics and Reverse Engineering.
Kali Linux is a specially designed OS for network analysts, Penetration testers, or in simple words, it is for those who work under the umbrella of cybersecurity and analysis. … Kali Linux comes packed with more than 350 tools which could be useful for hacking or penetration testing.